Wednesday, April 22, 2015

Roll Out the (Reconditioned) Barrel For Earth Day


Today is Earth Day, the perfect time to share a “green” idea that has been embraced by the wine industry: giving barrels a second life.

New wine barrels will impart an oaky favor for 3 to 5 years. After that length of time, they become neutral which means the barrel does not provide much in the way of oak flavors.



Usually, once barrels become neutral, they are sold to dealers or artists to use for the creation of barrel crafts. But barrels can be re-conditioned to be used again in the industry for wine aging, storage and other uses. Most small to mid-sized wineries, along with home winemakers are interested in these environmentally (and budget) friendly options. Here are just a few companies that do this.


ReCoop Barrels, a company based in Sebastopol California, began in 1989 by offering to extend the life of wine barrels. The company has a patented process and equipment, which has been used to recondition over a quarter of a million barrels. Reconditioned barrels range in size from 60, 30, 20, 15 and 10 gallons in French oak, and 60 gallon barrels are also available in American or Eastern European oak. ReCoop also offers silicone bungs for sale.


Another re-cooperage firm is The Barrel Broker, located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The firm, which opened in 2009, works to resource white oak barrels, which have held wine, whiskey and bourbon. These barrels are reconditioned and offered for sale to wineries and distilleries. The company has over 300 French, American and Hungarian 60 and 70 gallon barrels in stock, and over 250 spirit barrels are also available.


Barrel Staves
Barrel Racks
But those barrels that are past the reconditioning phase are still useable in other ways.  Customers of The Barrel Broker can also purchase barrel bungs, inserts, lids, metal bands, staves and barrel racks. Other barrels past their prime are sold for use as rain barrels and planters.


Nelson Cooperage in New Zealand not only crafts new barrels, the company also repairs and reconditions older barrels, casks, vats and buckets. Port and spirits barrels are offered as display barrels; barrels that you can place your homemade wine or spirits in for personal use. Barrel alternatives are also offered and include wine barrel furniture, shelves, trays, bar furniture and barrels for historical displays.


And another company located “down under” is S.A. Cooperage in Hackham, Australia. They also make new barrels, but S.A. Cooperage takes used barrels, knocks them apart and re-machines them in order to extend the life of the cask. The company offers to re-manufacture barrels, which means that a barrel is downsized into a smaller capacity, which can then be re-seasoned and re-fired, although re-firing does not reproduce the original toast levels.


Oak Forest
These are just a few of the green alternatives for reconditioning and reusing wine barrels. These options provide the chance to prolong the life of well cared for barrels while saving oak forests and allowing boutique wineries and local wine makers a better chance to make quality wines: A real green win-win option.

Happy Earth Day!

~ Joy

Wednesday, April 15, 2015

Celebrate World Malbec Day This Friday


This Friday, April 17th, is Malbec World Day (MWD) thanks to a bill that was passed on April 17, 1853 that brought about the foundation of a Quinta Normal and a School of Agriculture.  The bill led to the development of Argentina’s wine industry.

Argentina
French agronomist Miguel Pouget went in search of a grape that would grow well in Argentina’s climate. He took several European vines back and set up an experimental vineyard. The Côt grapes flourished in the higher, drier climate of South America, and Malbec is now the country’s best-known varietal.


Malbec Grapes
Malbec was also an important grape in France until the killing frost of 1956. This frost killed off 75% of the Bordeaux region’s Malbec vines.  Some vines were replanted, but the grapes are now used mainly for blending with Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Tannat. In France the Malbec grapes are more intense and tannic.

Vineyard
In Argentine, Malbec stands on its own and provides an intense, dark wine with plum and berry flavors. Argentina has over 76,000 acres (over 31 hectares) planted in Malbec. Eighty-six percent are located in Mendoza. Because of the high altitudes and favorable growing conditions, Malbec vineyards seldom have problems with molds, fungi or insects so pesticides are rarely used, making organic wines much easier to produce.

Besides Argentina, Malbec is also grown in New Zealand, Italy, South Africa, Spain, and various regions in the United States.  The grape is still grown in southern France but has decreased in popularity there since 2000.

Malbec wine makes up most of the total bottled wines sold in Argentina.  Over 90% of this wine is sold abroad with the U.S. buying almost 50% of the Malbec exported wine.

 
Young, unoaked Malbec wines should be consumed within a year.  Malbec wines that have been oaked for a few months may be kept for up to 2 to 3 years.  Well oak-aged robust Malbecs may be cellared for up to ten years. Malbec pairs well with beef, pork, goose, BBQ, lamb, and hard cheeses.

Wines of Argentina declared April 17th Malbec World Day.  The MWD celebration has gained worldwide attention and is celebrated in at least 30 cities around the globe, including New York, Toronto, and Washington in North America.  Other countries taking part include South America, the UK, Africa and China.

To learn more about MWD events, visit http://www.malbecworldday.com or http://www.winesofargentina.org. 
And plan to raise a glass of Malbec this Friday, in celebration of Malbec World Day, and one tenacious grape.

~ Joy

Wednesday, April 8, 2015

5 Fantastic Glass (Bottle) Houses


You know the old adage, “People who live in glass houses shouldn't throw stones,” but have you ever wondered why someone would even build a glass house?

Bottle houses became popular in the early 1900, especially out in the western U.S. where wood was scarce. Many structures of the time were constructed using what items were at hand and that included beer and whiskey bottles.

Here are five great examples of some unique bottle houses.

1) Palace Oz, Chelyabinsk, Russia
Photo Valery Zvonarev
This is the house that Hamidullah Ilchibaev built – from champagne bottles: over 12,000 of them. It took 52-year-old Ilchibaev over three years to collect the empty bottles from local restaurants, the rest he purchased. He built the house by stacking the bottles as you would bricks, starting with the foundation and insulating between the bottles for added warmth. The windows are inset to accommodate the bottles width, but the inside the home looks like any other. Ilchibaev said that it cost five times less to build with bottles than with regular building materials.
 

Hamidullah Ilchibaev
Ilchibaev said he constructed the house as a tribute to his 18-year-old son who died tragically. Once completed, he gave the 1,000 square feet home to his eldest son and daughter-in-law for a wedding present. How fitting!




2) Tom Kelly’s Bottle House, Rhyolite, Nevada
Tom Kelly's Houses 1906
It was 1905 when Tom Kelly decided to build himself a house. Living in the Nevada desert ruled out building with wood; too expensive to have hauled in. Kelly was a simple man and he wanted a simple house so he collected over 50,000 beer and patent medicine bottles to construct his three room L-shaped home. With over four-dozen taverns in the town, Kelly had a ready supply of bottles to begin. It took about a year and a half to build, and when he was done he had spent around $2,500 for the interior wood and fixtures.

Tom Kelly's House Today
During the 1920s, the house was used in a Hollywood film, and from 1936 into the 1950s, it was operated as a tourist museum. In 1954 Tommy Thompson bought the little house and raised his family of eight there. Thompson left in the 1980s, and over the years the house fell into disrepair. In 2005, the foundation was stabilized, bottles were replaced and the house was repaired. No one currently lives there.


3) Doc Hope’s Bottle House, Hillsville, Virginia


John Hope was a pharmacist in Hillsville when he hired Friel Dalton to build a playhouse for his daughter made from bottles. Hope provided medicine bottles and Dalton collected wine bottles from local restaurants and bars.

Inside Doc Hope's House
It took Dalton about 3 months to construct the 15 foot by 25 foot house, but he built it in a different manner than most; he pointed the bottle out so that the walls were flush. Locals loved the house and nicknamed it “The House of A Thousand Headaches” in reference to the number of wine bottles used in the construction. The house still stands today and the town of Hopeville is interested in preserving the building.


The Castle-Like Front
4) Embalming Fluid House, Boswell, BC, Canada
Just across the Canadian border from Creston, Idaho stands a castle-like glass house built from embalming fluid bottles. Seriously! According to the builder, David H. Brown (who retired from the funeral business), he built it in order to "indulge a whim of a peculiar nature".  

A Death-Defying Side View
Built in 1952, the house was constructed in the shape of a three-leaf clover and is made up of over 500,000 empty embalming fluid bottles that Brown collected from fellow morticians. Inside, strips of wood and cedar boards form the walls. The two-story, 1,200 square foot house, boasts a living room with fireplace, kitchen, and master bedroom; upstairs is a second bedroom.



5) Les Maisons de Bouteilles (The Bottle Houses)
Prince Edward Island, Canada boasts not one, not two, but three bottle buildings, and all may be toured. In fact, this is the 35th season for the longest-standing tourism attraction on the island.

The Bottle House
The first structure to be constructed was a six gabled bottle house built in 1980 by 66 year old Édouard Arsenault. The house measures 20 feet by 14 feet and has three sections. It took approximately 12,000 bottles to build it using over 85 bags of cement to hold the 300 to 400 bottles per row in place.

The Tavern of Bottles
In 1982, Arsenault decided to put another 8,000 bottles to use by building a tavern. The hexagonal structure was originally used as the gift shop for the gabled house. In 1993, the structure was rebuilt because the harsh weather conditions on the island had taken a toll on the building.

Inside the Chapel
And for the pièce de résistance, Arsenault built a chapel with approximately 10,000 bottles. Inside, visitors will find an alter and pews made from bottles for quiet reflection. There is an amazing color display when the sun hits the bottles just right. Arsenault died in 1984 before he could continue his bottle village. Tours are available by contacting The Bottle Houses.

~ Joy

Wednesday, April 1, 2015

10 Great Wine Reads


It’s National Library Month, the perfect time to check out a variety of wine books and indulge your interest in all things vino. Here are just a few suggestions for the oenophile and the budding wine lover, alike.



Wine Lover’s Wine Books

1) American Wine: The Ultimate Companion to the Wines and Wineries of the United States by Jancis Robinson and Linda Murphy (2012)

Enjoy an in-depth look into America’s wine culture with over 7,000 wine producers. The book features some of the country’s best wines, wineries and winemakers and includes 54 detailed maps of local wine regions, along with more than 200 photos highlighting just what makes this country a wine-rich nation.

2) Exploring Wine: Completely Revised 3rd Edition by Steve Kolpan, Brian H. Smith, Michael A. Weiss, The Culinary Institute of America (2010)

This is a wine reference book for food and wine lovers, professionals and oenophiles. Written to demystify wine and the winemaking process, it covers major wine regions around the world, explaining which wines and foods pair well together. Tasting notes are offered along with easy-to-use guides.

3) Eyewitness Companions: Wines of the World: Your Essential Handbook
by DK Publishing (2004)

Still a great source about each of the 35 major wine-producing regions in the world. Loaded with history, maps and photos, you’ll get enough of a wine education to forgive references to some producers who are no longer in business. A portable guide that could assist you in mapping out your next international wine jaunt.


The History of Wine

1) Judgment of Paris: California vs. France and the Historic 1976 Paris Tasting That Revolutionized Wine by George Taber (2005)

The factual version of the Paris Tasting of 1976 by the only reporter who covered it. Taber’s Time Magazine article stunned the wine world and transformed it when he reported how a blind-tasting panel of top French wine experts chose two unknown California wineries on which to bestow top honors. It’s the perfect “David and Goliath” story set in the world of wine.

2) Wine and War: The French, the Nazis, and the Battle for France’s Greatest Treasure by Donald Kladstrup and Petie Kladstrup (2002)

In 1940, when France fell to the Nazis, the Germans began looting French wine. While Adolph Hitler did not imbibe, Nazi troops had no such aversion.  This book tells of the extraordinary measures that French winemakers and producers went to in order to save their vineyards and their vino from the Germans.

3) Passions: The Wines and Travels of Thomas Jefferson by Thomas Gabler (1995)

This is a biography about Thomas Jefferson that focuses mainly on his travels throughout France and Europe. Jefferson was well known for his love of good food and good wine: especially French wine. Follow along with Jefferson as he describes his perceptions of the food and wines he sampled along the way. Known as America’s first wine connoisseur, Jefferson’s passion for wine shines through.


Wine Adventures

1) The Curious World of Wine: Facts, Legends, and Lore About the Drink We Love So Much by Richard Vine, PhD (2012)

Vine’s book is full of little known facts, interesting lore, and quirky regional tidbits, all revolving around our love of wine through the ages. Discover some juicy details concerning wine’s founders and fathers along with the movers and shakers of the New World, and how wine has always played a part in love.

2) In Search of Bacchus: Wanderings in the Wonderful World of Wine Tourism
by George Taber  (2009)

Taber chronicles his journey to twelve of the most beautiful wine regions in the world. From Napa, the home of wine tourism, to a thousand-year-old monastery in Tuscany, to traveling the wine routes in Stellenbosch, South Africa, Taber shares his thoughts and recommendations with the reader. Consider this a vicarious chance to travel around the world to a dozen of the most interesting wine hot spots.

3) Adventures on the Wine Route by Kermit Lynch  (1990)

If you love French wines, or are planning a trip to the French wine regions then Lynch’s book will get you in the mood to explore. Follow his adventures as he shares wonderful discoveries during his twenty years of making annual wine-buying trips to the wine regions of France. While it may have been published 25 years ago, it can still entertain and enlighten.

Bonus Book

Why You Like The Wines You Like: Changing the Way the World Thinks About Wine by Tim Hanni (2013)

Hanni has been called “the Wine Anti-Snob” by the Wall Street Journal with good reason, he believes, and applies science to show, that the wine drinker has been right all along: personal preference rules when pairing wine with food. This concept empowers the wine drinker and makes all those “You Should Be Drinking …” wine guides look rather passé.


Now that you have some ideas, grab a few books from your local library and curl up for a nice read. After all, what’s better than a rainy spring evening spent reading with a glass of wine?

~ Joy

Wednesday, March 25, 2015

March 26 Is “Make Up Your Own Holiday” Day




Finally! A day to celebrate all those apparently forgotten wines.

Yes, there are plenty of wine designated holidays: National Wine Day, National Drink Wine Day, Chardonnay Day, Pinot Noir Day, Sauvignon Blanc Day, Champagne Day, Muscato Day…. (You get the idea.)


But if your favorite drew the short straw in the list of wine holidays then tomorrow is your chance to rectify the situation. March 26 is “Make Up Your Own Holiday” Day.


While you may not want to take the time to jump through all of the bureaucratic hoops to designate an “official” day, you can proclaim it to be whatever day you’d like tomorrow on social media.


I believe we should have a special day for my favorite dark, brooding wine, so for me tomorrow will be National Merlot Day.


Now, it's your turn. Take a moment, select your favorite (yet often ignored) wine and tell the world that you'll be celebrating tomorrow with a glass of _____________.
 

It’s time every wine had it's day!

Cheers!

~ Joy